Bone tissue has a hard structure and is a living tissue thanks to the cells within this rigid structure. Bone tissue is very resistant to infection. In order for a bone to become infected, there must be a problem with the vitality of the bone.
There are two ways to settle microorganisms in a bone. The first is that microorganisms in the focus of infection elsewhere in our body reach the bone through the blood and cause bone infection. We often encounter such infections in children who have frequent urinary tract or throat infections. The symptoms of this infection include fever, unable to load on the leg, and redness of the leg. Since x-ray scans are normal in the early stages, MRI imaging may be required for diagnosis. In some cases, these lesions in the bone may be confused with tumors. According to the cultural result to be taken from the bone, infection can be treated with appropriate and long-term antibiotic use after the bone is surgically cleaned.
the second type of bone infection is mostly seen in adults. Such infections occur either as a result of improper treatment of bone infection in childhood, or after the fractures, the bone is damaged in a manner that has lost its vitality and bacteria are placed directly in the bone. The symptom of this infection is usually seen as bone pain. The infection can progress and discharge the skin. In patients who are not treated appropriately, these discharges came periodically. However, when the patient's body resistance drops, swelling around the bone and then the discharge on the skin begin again. Many patients have been struggling with this disorder for years. There are even rumors among the public that this disease will end in the grave.
Today, bone infections are treatable diseases contrary to what is known. This treatment process is long. Patients and doctors need to be patient. Bone tissue, which is an infection in the treatment, is properly cleaned by surgery and culture is made to understand the type of bacteria in this region. Antibiotic bone cement is placed inside and around the bone. According to the culture result, antibiotic treatment of the patient is organized by the infectious diseases specialist. Blood tests follow the patient's treatment process.
In some cases, the bone in that part is completely removed due to the lack of vitality in the bone where the infection is present. More so-called bone transport is treated to the extremity (limb) by performing bone lengthening.
Bone infection(osteomyelitis) treatment is a process that requires patience for the patient and the doctor. At the end of this process, the majority of patients are healthy. The likelihood of recurrence of the disease is very low.